In the latter part of the 19th century the Creedmoor Rifle Range, Long Island, New York, USA, was the venue for a number of international long range rifle matches that received widespread public interest and much press coverage. The Palma Trophy Team Match, still run today, was first held at Creedmoor on 13-14 September 1876 (although the trophy was then known as the Centennial Trophy) and competed for by Australia, Canada, Ireland, Scotland, and the United States. Ranges shot at were 800, 900 and 1,000 yards, with muzzle loading and breech loading black powder rifles used by the teams of eight.
The following article looks at the origins of the National Rifle Association in America and the establishment of Creedmoor Rifle Range. It continues with an overview of the international long range rifle matches.