During the early years of the National Rifle Association's Annual Rifle Meeting there was keen interest in the small-bore rifles used. One correspondent to the Volunteer Service Gazette in 1863 in seeking to understand the merits of different makers rifles, collated scores obtained at Wimbledon in 1862 by four rifles – Henry, Kerr, Turner and Whitworth. His letter and comparative tables are reproduced.
Long Range Target Rifles
Long range target rifles are scarce and highly prized collectors items today. While some saw limited use as sharpshooters arms (notably in the American Civil War) the rifles featured here in these general discussions were more often encountered on the rifle range. Further information can also be found at: Gunmakers.
- Small-bore Rifles Compared - Average scores achieved with small-bore muzzle loading rifles at Wimbledon, 1862.
- The 1862 London International Exhibition - John Rigby's observations on long-range rifles at the Exhibition.
- Gibbs-Farquharson-Metford - The breech loading rifle manufactured by George Gibbs with action designed by John Farquharson and barrel by William Metford.
- Creedmoor Rifles, 1873 - American manufacturers responded to the need for a long range target rifle.
- The Creedmoor Rifle, 1876 - Contemporary information on the basic form and ammunition for the American long range rifle.
- Short Barrel and Long Range - Long range trials with a short barreled Remington rifle .
- Elcho Shield Rifles, 1878 - Despite defeats at the hands of American riflemen, British riflemen were slow to adopt the breech loader for match rifle shooting.
The International Exhibition of 1862, successor to the 1851 Great Exhibition, was held at London 1 May to 1 November. Featuring over 28,000 exhibitors from 36 countries, it represented a wide range of industry, technology, and the arts and attracted about 6.1 million visitors. Amongst the arms and ordnance exhibited were a number of long range rifles, which were described, briefly, by John Rigby for the Practical Mechanic's Journal.
In October 1873 a Forest & Stream reporter at Creedmoor observed that "at the longer ranges the qualities of the finer rifles of course gave them greater advantages. This match also demonstrated the great improvement that had been made in breech-loaders. The score at 800 and 1,000 yards showed but little difference between the muzzle-loading Rigby and Metford rifles, and the breech-loading Remington, Sharpe, and Maynard."
"Forest and Stream" published a 'Hand-Book for Riflemen' in 1876. The Hand-Book is authored by Major George C. Starr, Secretary of the American Rifle Association. The author of the 'Hand-Book' cites Wingates 'Manual for Rifle Practice' as a source for "valuable hints and facts".
Mr. Leonard Geiger, the inventor of the Remington gun, had a new weapon on the range for the purpose of testing its accuracy. This rifle, called by Mr. Geiger, "a son of a gun," has the stock and breech mechanism of the Remington long-range rifle, without the pistol grip. Its barrel is only twenty-six inches long, but very thick, the weapon weighing slightly over ten pounds. 
American riflemen using their breech loading rifles in long range competition beat Ireland at Creedmoor (USA) in 1874 and again at Dollymount (Ireland) in 1875. In the Centennial Match of 1876 at Creedmoor they were again successful beating teams from Australia, Canada, Ireland and Scotland. A Great Britain team was also beaten at Creedmoor in 1877. Despite this British riflemen were slow to adopt the breech loader for match rifle shooting.